About the Bhagirathi Ganga River

The Bhāgīrathī is a turbulent Himalayan river in the state of Uttarakhand, India, that is the source stream of the Ganges—the major river of theGangetic plain of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism.

The word "Bhagirathi" (Sanskrit, literally, "caused by Bhagiratha") refers to a mythological Sagar Dynasty prince who, to gain the release his 60,000 great-uncles from the curse of saint Kapila, brought the goddess Ganga in the form of the river Ganges, from the heavens to the earth.

The headwaters of the Bhagirathi Ganga are formed at Gaumukh (elevation 3,892 metres (12,769 feet)), at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. It is then joined by its tributaries; these are, in order from the source:

The Bhilangna itself rises at the foot of the Khatling Glacier (elevation 3,717 m (12,195 ft)) approximately 50 km (31 mi) south of Gaumukh.

The river flows from its source for 205 km (127 mi) before meeting the Alaknanda River at an elevation of 475 m (1,558 ft) in the town ofDevprayag. Downstream of this confluence, considered holy by Hindus, the river is known as the Ganga Ji, or Ganges River by westerners. The controversial Tehri dam lies at the confluence of the Bhāgirathi and the Bhilangna, at 30°22′32″N 78°28′48″E, near Tehr

There are 18 dams along the Bhāgirathi River, either in operation, under construction or planned. These are, in order from the source:

Hydroelectric Dams on the Bhāgirathi River
No. Name Megawatts Status
01 Karmoli Dam 140 Planned
02 Gangotri Dam 55 Planned
03 Jadhganga Dam 50 Planned
04 Bhaironghati I Dam 380 Planned
05 Bhaironghati II Dam 65 Planned
06 Harsil Dam 210 Planned
07 Loharinag Pala Dam 600 Construction
08 Pala Maneri I Dam 480 Construction
09 Maneri Bali I Dam 90 Operational
10 Maneri Bali II Dam 304 Construction
11 Bhilangana II Dam 11 Planned
12 Bhilangana I Dam 22.5 Planned
13 Tehri PSS Dam 1000 Planned
14 Tehri Dam 2400 Operational
15 Koteshwar Dam 400 Construction
16 Kotli Bel 1A Dam 195 Construction
17 Kotli Bel 1B Dam 320 Construction
18 Kotli Bel II Dam 530 Construction

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